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The caste system is a system of social stratification in India, which divides Hindus into four main groups. social stratification: The hierarchical arrangement of social classes, or castes, within a society. Class stratification is a form of social stratification in which a society is separated into parties whose members have different access to resources and power. The four major systems of social stratification are slavery, caste, estate, and class. Throughout most of recorded history and around the globe, women have taken a “back seat” to men. In its modified form, slavery existed in almost all parts of the world. (Larkin,2015) In this system people are not able to change their social status which makes this form of stratification a closed system. Changes in the social position of children relative to their parents. Social stratification is a particular form of social inequality. Process of class stratification. Social Stratification and Gender. Slavery is a form of social stratification in which some people own other people. A society where stratification does not exist is a sentence which will always be illogical and untrue. A country that used to have a caste system is South Africa. The Castes are hereditary endogamous group with fixed traditional occupations, observing commensal prohibition and social restrictions on interaction. Stratification is ranking of people in a society. It is as though people are arranged in strata, or layers. Abstract. The caste system is one of the oldest forms of social stratification and even though it may be prohibited by the law, the political divisions continue to exist in the minds of the people leaving many oppressed. Social stratification assumes the form of class divisions in society. It was during the Aryan invasion around 1500 BCE when the caste system was established. The powers, duties and financial status of each varna differ from each other. These four varnas are Brahmins, Kshyatryas, Vaishyas and Sudra caste. ritualistic legitimation of authority. Caste System and Social Stratification in India. Stratification of Indian Society. We can even find the mention of these four varnas in important Hindu literatures. A caste is a form of social stratification determined by one single factor i.e. In the days of apartheid, from 1950 to 1990, a small group of white Afrikaners ruled the country. Men tend to be more aggressive and violent then women, so they fight wars. Social stratification is a process by which a society is divided into different layers, or strata, based on factors like level of education, occupation, income, and wealth. A social stratification is a particular form of social inequality and hierarchy. Caste (Anglicized from of Casta), or Jāti, is a form of social stratification characterized by endogamy, hereditary transmission of a style of life which often includes an occupation, ritual status in a hierarchy, and customary social interaction and exclusion based on cultural notions of purity and pollution. Ranking is made on certain criteria. See all articles by Rahul Tiwari Rahul Tiwari. For Dumont caste is not a form of stratification but as a special form of inequality. Caste 4. Caste is an elaborate and complex social system that combines some or all elements of endogamy, hereditary transmission of occupation, social class, social identity, hierarchy, exclusion, and power. Social `stratification system' refers to inequalities that are generated in social institutions where individuals are not given equal access to the available opportunities. 4257 words (17 pages) Essay in Sociology 03/07/17 Sociology Reference this. In Indian society, stratification mainly happens considering people’s caste, class, and gender. Routledge. Prior to that period, the divisions that existed among the people in India were among the Negritos, Mongoloids, Austroloids and Dravidians. Thus the slaves and slave-masters, vassals and feudal lords, capitalists and workers have been the prominent classes. Slavery was due to either heredity misfortune or military conquest (Larkin, 2015). Social stratification refers to a society’s categorization of its people into rankings of socioeconomic tiers based on factors like wealth, income, race, education, and power. Social stratification isn't just based on wealth, however. You may remember the word “stratification” from the geology class. Among different groups of people who are generally poor and most do not with! Status, education, and symbolic attributes that period, the separation the. Division of labor, inferiority and equality “ back seat ” to men various! 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