james 5 commentary

Is anyone among you suffering? patience--rather, "endurance," answering to "endure": the Greek words similarly corresponding. and--that is, "and so." God has no obligation to heal except within His will. James 5:16b–18 In his Institutes , John Calvin notes that prayer is more for our benefit than it is for God’s (3.20.3). 15. prayer--He does not say the oil shall save: it is but the symbol. The Church's role in physical healing (James 5:13-18) 1. Also, that ye may be healed spiritually. James presents the idea that unless a Christian confesses and deals with his sin, God will set him on a course of physical sickness or even death (1:15, 21; 5:20). of tender mercy--The former refers to the "feeling"; the latter, to the act. Also that, if your sickness be the punishment of sin, the latter being forgiven on intercessory prayer, "ye may be healed" of the former. James wrote, in this way, toshow his Christian readers that it is foolish to trust in *riches. Weep and howl for your miseries which are coming upon you— Quickly and unexpectedly. to use the sign where the reality is wanting would be unmeaning superstition. poor of this world—The best manuscripts read, "those poor in respect to the world." The "righteous" is one himself careful to avoid "faults," and showing his faith by works ( James 2:24 ). In contrast to "the rich in this world" (1Ti 6:17). Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. 8. coming . sins--for not all who are sick are so because of some special sins. Translate, "Ye have luxuriated . 1 Peter 4:7 , "is at hand." All rights reserved. But he is not sending this letter to them. The readers of James needed to confess their sins of rebellion (5:15) openly to one another; otherwise, they would end in divine discipline. Though he showed much of impatience, yet he always returned to this, that he committed himself wholly to God, and at last showed a perfect spirit of enduring submission. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Having exhorted them to patience in bearing wrongs from the wicked, he now exhorts them to a forbearing spirit as to the offenses given by brethren. . . appropriateness to the expression in this verse, the same "as the righteous (just) man" ( James 5:16 ). 3 Your gold and silver have rusted, and their rust will be evidence against you, and it will eat your flesh like fire. First Reading. James intends this address to rich Jewish unbelievers, not so much for themselves, as for the saints, that they may bear with patience the violence of the rich ( James 5:7 ), knowing that God will speedily avenge them on their oppressors [BENGEL]. It reminds the rich who think the poor have no protector, that the Lord of the whole hosts in heaven and earth is the guardian and avenger of the latter. The phrase means "near at hand" ( Genesis 4:7 ), which in the oldest interpretations [Targums of Jonathan and Jerusalem] is explained, "thy sin is reserved unto the judgment of the world to come." This most likely refers to those of Act 8:1–4. A list of the best commentaries on James ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. 17. The “prayer of faith” is always “in the name of the Lord” (5:14). pitiful . His pity is shown in not laying on the patient endurer more trials than he is able to bear; His mercy, in His giving a happy "end" to the trials [BENGEL]. 2. You can find the best commentary on James for you using the tools on … Sin is clearly in view in the next verse (5:15). Salem Media Group. James tells us that prayer is the answer for suffering. It means to cross the rights of someone else. A “trespass” is not the same as a sin. Commentary on James 5:13-20. In jealousy for God's honor ( 1 Kings 19:10 ), and being of one mind with God in his abhorrence of apostasy, he prayed that the national idolatry should be punished with a national judgment, drought; and on Israel's profession of repentance he prayed for the removal of the visitation, as is implied in 1 Kings 18:39-42 ; compare Luke 4:25 . Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. but heal "the sick": as the words, "the Lord shall raise him up," prove. they--rather, "it": his having committed sins shall be forgiven him. Many sins "cry" to heaven for vengeance which men tacitly take no account of, as unchastity and injustice [BENGEL]. But above all--as swearing is utterly alien to the Christian meek "endurance" just recommended. In contrast to this stands the proper use of the tongue, James 5:13 . He is identical with the "coming Lord" Jesus ( James 5:7 ). Matthew 5:23 Matthew 5:24 , Luke 17:4 , illustrate the precept here. ALFORD translates more literally, "In these last days (before the coming judgment) ye laid up (worldly) treasure" to no profit, instead of repenting and seeking. James often repeats the idea that what a person does reflects what he believes. 5. . James 5:1-12 These small group studies of James contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. cries of them--a double cry; both that of the hire abstractly, and that of the laborers hired. Grudge not--rather "Murmur not"; "grumble not." shall eat your flesh--The rust which once ate your riches, shall then gnaw your conscience, accompanied with punishment which shall prey upon your bodies for ever. . St. James seems to refer to many, not to one particular passage of Scripture. The former expresses luxurious effeminacy; the latter, wantonness and prodigality. Establish your hearts, for the coming of the Lord is at hand. 13. afflicted--referring to the "suffering affliction" ( James 5:10 ). Commentaries for James Chapter 5 Don't Be Materialistic. Their greatest sin was not paying them to the poor, whose wages is their all. one to another--not to the priest, as Rome insists. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. He here reverts to the subject which he began with. James here refers to Matthew 5:34 , &c. let your yea be yea--Do not use oaths in your everyday conversation, but let a simple affirmative or denial be deemed enough to establish your word. That James intended a close connection between the two parts is clear from his use of "then" (oun - THEREFORE) in James 5:7. shall hide a multitude of sins--not his own, but the sins of the converted. 124-125). CONTEXTUAL INSIGHTS TO JAMES 5:13-20. (James Commentary) Come now - NLT has "Look here, you rich people!" ALFORD translates, "Availeth much in its working." Not auricular confession. anointing him with oil--The usage which Christ committed to His apostles was afterwards continued with laying on of hands, as a token of the highest faculty of medicine .in the Church. shall save--future. Job--This passage shows the history of him is concerning a real, not an imaginary person; otherwise his case could not be quoted as an example at all. He effects this by making the convert partaker in the Christian covenant for the remission of all sins. But all the innocent blood shed, and to be shed, is included, the Holy Spirit comprehending James himself, called "the Just," who was slain in a tumult. James 5:14, ESV: "Is anyone among you sick? just as we find in 1 Corinthians 6:2 the Church's highest judicial function. and if . Even if they were to receiveit, they would not accept what he says about them. You have laid up treasure [] for the last days. Your gold and silver have rusted” (James 5:2–3). "Let them use oil who can by their prayers obtain recovery for the sick: let those who cannot do this, abstain from using the empty sign" [WHITAKER]. It is suited to the Jewish tone of the Epistle. 5… the truth--the Gospel doctrine and precepts. 1-6. Bible > Bible Commentary; Wesley’s Explanatory Notes; James; James 5; John Wesley’s Explanatory Notes << James 4 | James 5 | 1 Peter 1 >> (Read all of James 5) Verse 1 [1] Go to now, ye rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon you. The same word ought to be translated, "endurance," James 1:3 . save--plainly not as Rome says, "save" the soul. Feb 28, 1993. 8 You also be patient. 433 page commentary. A phrase to call solemn attention. To "murmur against one another" is virtually to judge, and so to become liable to be judged. A. Its "preciousness" (compare Psalms 126:6 , "precious seed") will more than compensate for all the past. It was the habit of the Jews to see divine judgment behind all the troubles of life, but Jesus rebuked them for being simplistic (John 9:2-3). one--literally, "any"; as "any" before. Chapter 5 In this chapter the apostle denounces the judgments of God upon those rich men who oppress the poor, showing them how great their sin and folly are in the sight of God, and how grievous the punishments would be which should fall upon themselves (v. 1-6). Paul and Silas sang psalms even in affliction. A righteous man's prayer is always heard generally, but his particular request for the healing of another was then likely to be granted when he was one possessing a special charism of the Spirit. The early rain fell at sowing time, about November or December; the latter rain, about March or April, to mature the grain for harvest. Instead, Be Patient This is an interjection, a word which is defined as … ... and the cries of the harvesters have reached the ears of the Lord of hosts. Job is the best example I can think of for patience and enduring suffering. Compare the same image, Galatians 6:3 Galatians 6:9 . James’ teaching mirrors Jesus’ words in Matthew 5:34-37. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. her fruit--her usual and due fruit, heretofore withheld on account of sin. Gospel. James 5 Commentary; ROBERT JOHNSTONE Commentary Epistle of James. . example of suffering affliction--rather, simply, "of affliction," literally, "evil treatment.". God wants to give us wisdom even more than we want wisdom. Return to the Main Player. Compare "the everlasting doors" ( Psalms 24:7 , whence He shall come forth). merry--joyous in mind. This suits the collocation of the Greek words and the sense well. The people James addresses are those defeated in the spiritual battle and are under God’s discipline of physical sickness. The problem is, sometimes people want to go with their feelings, or their desires so they either do not search for God's wisdom on a subject, or they reject it when they learn it. 11. count them happy--( Matthew 5:10 ). So the same Greek is translated, "made (thee) whole," Matthew 9:21 Matthew 9:22 . . That this James is the James mentioned earlier as Jesus’ brother is confirmed by Paul in Galatians 1:18-19: “Then after three years, I went up to Jerusalem to get acquainted with Peter and James refers to Matthew 7:1 , "Judge not lest ye be judged." The Greek verb in the middle voice requires this. James 5:12 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] James 5:12, NIV: "Above all, my brothers and sisters, do not swear--not by heaven or by earth or by anything else.All you need to say is a simple 'Yes' or 'No.' ye rich--who have neglected the true enjoyment of riches, which consists in doing good. Ye are like beasts which eat to their hearts' content on the very day of their approaching slaughter, unconscious it is near. (13-14) How to meet needs arising among Christians. until he receive--"until it receive" [ALFORD]. James 5:6 Ye have condemned and killed the just; and he doth not resist you. Your explanations have a calming and reassuring effect on the reader: A reminder that God is … James 5 Bible Commentary. . of The following is an excerpt from The MacArthur New Testament Commentary on James 5:14. . . Let him--the converted. Yet, “Probably James jotted it down as an after-thought, to emphasize the warning of James 5:9; in excitement or irritation there was a temptation to curse and swear violently and profanely.” (Moffatt) C. Exhortations for Christians to care for one another. James 5:14-15. The prayers of the elders over the sick would be much the same as though the whole Church which they represent should pray [BENGEL]. draweth nigh--The Greek expresses present time and a settled state. God wants to give us wisdom even more than we want wisdom. Romish extreme unction is administered to those whose life is despaired of, to heal the soul, whereas James' unction was to heal the body. . This action will have the effect of strengthening one who is weak and tired. Mark the connection between the prayer and its accomplishment. brethren--contrasted with the "rich" oppressors, James 5:1-6 . The epistle was probably written before the Gentile congregations The *Scripture calls some of the great people in *Israel’s history slaves or servants of God. . Published originally in 1871. moth-eaten--referring to Matthew 6:19 Matthew 6:20 . Hence, learn, though much tried, to "endure to the end." Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Favoriting is a great way to keep a list of sermons, programs, and ministry resources in your account. James often repeats the idea that what a person does reflects what he believes. The blessing of reclaiming an erring sinner by the mutual consent and intercessory prayer just recommended. James 5 Commentary; ROBERT JOHNSTONE Commentary Epistle of James. Distinct from the Greek word for "patience" James 5:10 . "Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall … 16. Everyone ought to seek the salvation of everyone [BENGEL]. . EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The verses that immediately precede this passage speak a prophetic warning to those who say, “Today or tomorrow let’s go into this city, and spend a year there, trade, and make a profit” (4:13-17)––and to the rich (5:1-6). let him pray--not "swear" in rash impatience. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) James 5:13-20. Otherwise you will be condemned." Cyril Barber - A classic in the field. 3:1 Heb. your trespasses . 5. 5. CARDINAL CAJETAN [Commentary] admits that James cannot refer to extreme unction. Now that the miraculous gift of healing has been withdrawn for the most part. It was also a sign of the divine grace. judge . You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. before the door--referring to Matthew 24:33 . All idolized treasures will soon perish, except as they will rise up in judgment against their possessors. 433 page commentary. Cyril Barber - A classic in the field. journey to James and the rest of the elders and “reported in detail what God had done among the Gentiles through his ministry” (Acts 21:19 NIV). "When energized" by the Spirit, as those were who performed miracles [HAMMOND]. 2 Your riches have rotted, and your clothes are moth-eaten. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Oil in the East, and especially among the Jews (see the Talmud, Jerusalem and Babylon), was much used as a curative agent. So, those who believe prayer works should pray (James 5:16–18)! . James 5:5 Ye have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been wanton; ye have nourished your hearts, as in a day of slaughter. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The verses that immediately precede this passage speak a prophetic warning to those who say, “Today or tomorrow let’s go into this city, and spend a year there, trade, and make a profit” (4:13-17)––and to the rich (5:1-6). In 1 Kings 17:1 it is plainly implied, "As the Lord God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word." This is an interjection, a word which is defined as "an abrupt emphatic exclamation expressing emotion." Your gold and silver have rusted” (James 5:2–3). Scripture: James 5:13–18. . James 5:1-20 . The Greek is the same in both passages. James 4 James 5 1 Peter 1. John Piper Mar 11, 1990 171 Shares Sermon. The justice or righteousness of Jesus and His people is what peculiarly provoked the ungodly great men of the world. Their self-indulgence has succeeded only in “fat­tening” them “for the day of slaughter” (James 5:5). Not of course all the poor; but the poor, as a class, furnish more believers than the rich as a class. The Lord's coming to destroy Jerusalem is primarily referred to; and ultimately, His coming again visibly to judgment. The problem is, sometimes people want to go with their feelings, or their desires so they either do not search for God's wisdom on a subject, or they reject it when they learn it. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. nourished . sing psalms--of praise. They have the opportunity to save souls from death (James 5:19–20). Why is James 5:12 thought to be a separate unit of thought? . Here a case is supposed of one visited with sickness for special sins. Commentary on Mark 9:38-50. 14. let him call for the elders--not some one of the elders, as Roman Catholics interpret it, to justify their usage in extreme unction. James 5:16-20 : James 5:7-12 " 7 Be patient, therefore, brethren, until the coming of the Lord. 2 Your riches have rotted and you garments are moth-eaten. Paul and James have often been contrasted with each other, particularly in regard to their attitudes towards the relationship between faith and works. James could not know how near or distant in time was the Second Coming; he could only express its nearness in his own consciousness—and in that he was honest in his purpose and made no mistake" (pp. Proud member of … the end of the Lord--the end which the Lord gave. the Lord of sabaoth--here only in the New Testament. Before leaving these two verses, the sharp distinction between James 5:13 and James 5:14,15 should be marked. The rule for all ages includes prayer for the suffering ( James 5:13 ); the special rule for the miraculous healing still available when James wrote is given in the next two verses. the just." and wantoned." So before we talk to much about the application, let’s see if we can’t bring some understanding to what James was talking about. Ye have condemned . Published originally in 1871. James 5:16-20 James 5:1-6 " 1 Come now, you rich, weep and howl for the miseries that are coming upon you. His prophecy of the fact was according to a divine intimation given to him in answer to prayer. rust . James is going to do this by showing us how powerful prayer can be for your life. James is going to do this by showing us how powerful prayer can be for your life. While we can hold to the truth that there are some things that God will not do unless we ask Him (James 4:2b), we also know that even the prayers in which we … faults--your falls and offenses, in relation to one another. CONTEXTUAL INSIGHTS TO JAMES 5:13-20. If Job had much to "endure," remember also Job's happy "end." Come now, ye rich— The apostle does not speak this so much for the sake of the rich themselves, as of the poor children of God, who were then groaning under their cruel oppression. In 5:7-10, James counsels patience until the Lord comes again––patience like that of a farmer waiting for the fruit to appear. of you kept back--So English Version rightly. James 5 commentary 1. The epistle was probably written before the Gentile congregations The latter rain that shall precede the coming spiritual harvest, will probably be another Pentecost-like effusion of the Holy Ghost. James agrees, for he says, "if he have committed sins" (v. 15), implying that sin might or might not be at the root of the sickness. The connection of sin and sickness is implied in Isaiah 33:24 , Matthew 9:2-5 , John 5:14 . God doth "resist the proud" ( James 4:6 ); but Jesus as man, "as a sheep is dumb before the shearers, so He opened not His mouth": so His people are meek under persecution. So, those who believe prayer works should pray (James 5:16–18)! He kept the faith in terrible suffering in the loss of his children, and even unto the pain and suffering in his own body. James, like them, lived to serve God and the people of God. Remember that James began his writing on the subject of suffering and to count it all joy when we fall into various trials. unto the coming of the Lord--Christ, when the trial of your patience shall cease. The oldest authorities read, "Confess, THEREFORE," &c. Not only in the particular case of sickness, but universally confess. James 5:14 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] James 5:14, NIV: "Is anyone among you sick? Behold--calling attention to their coming doom as no vain threat. Sometimes our persecutions and sufferings have become so intense that all we can do is remain faithful and trust in Jesus until He intervenes in our behalf. Scripture: James 5:16–20. and so ought to be translated here as there, "doors," plural. James tells us that prayer is the answer for suffering. garments . (James Commentary) Come now - NLT has "Look here, you rich people!" BAR ES, "Go to now - Notes, Jam_4:13. know--for his comfort, and the encouragement of others to do likewise. in the name of the Lord--by whom alone the miracle was performed: men were but the instruments. He has ordained that we be saved through the means of preaching the gospel, but prayer is also a means of salvation.We have seen that it is His will that we pray; it fits into the design of His purpose. This most likely refers to those of Act 8:1–4. The Greek is literally, "groan": a half-suppressed murmur of impatience and harsh judgment, not uttered aloud or freely. In Romans 9:29 it is a quotation. 1. condemnation--literally, "judgment," namely, of "the Judge" who "standeth before the doors" ( James 5:9 ). September 27, 2009. It is evident, then, that James is prescribing prayer and medicine.'" The phrase is therefore not, "kept back by you," but "of you"; the latter implying virtual, rather than overt, fraud. Salem Media Group. Commentary on James 5:7-10 View Bible Text . Why is James 5:12 thought to be a separate unit of thought? WOES COMING ON THE WICKED RICH: BELIEVERS SHOULD BE PATIENT UNTO THE LORD'S COMING: VARIOUS EXHORTATIONS. The "keeping back of the hire" was, on the part OF the rich, virtually an act of "fraud," because the poor laborers were not immediately paid. ALFORD is wrong in saying, Elias' prayer that it might not rain "is not even hinted at in the Old Testament history." Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament. 2. EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Chapter 5 started with warnings to the rich, who will soon “weep and howl for (the) miseries that are coming on (them),” because the Lord has heard the cries of the laborers whom the rich have defrauded (5:1-6). condemned--The best manuscript authorities read, "judged." witness against you--in the day of judgment; namely, that your riches were of no profit to any, lying unemployed and so contracting rust. Physical healing is a NT fact, as certain as spiritual healing. 1. A must for the expository preacher. three years, &c.--Compare 1 Kings 18:1 , "The third year," namely, from Elijah's going to Zarephath; the prophecy ( James 5:1 ) was probably about five or six months previously. Compare Luke 22:15 , "With desire I have desired," that is, earnestly desired. 5… This was written not long before the siege of Jerusalem; during which, as well as after it, huge calamities came on the Jewish nation, not only in Judea, but through distant countries. . The Book of James – A Detailed Commentary Basic Training Bible Ministries Page 4 The Greeting (1:1) The book is addressed to Jewish believers scattered by persecution. Confession is desirable in the case of (1) wrong done to a neighbor; (2) when under a troubled conscience we ask counsel of a godly minister or friend as to how we may obtain God's forgiveness and strength to sin no more, or when we desire their intercessory prayers for us ("Pray for one another"): "Confession may be made to anyone who can pray" [BENGEL]; (3) open confession of sin before the Church and the world, in token of penitence. 4 Listen! The Gift of Faith Is in View—the Sphere of Spiritual Gifts. Even if English Version be retained, the receiving of the early and latter rains is not to be understood as the object of his hope, but the harvest for which those rains are the necessary preliminary. “Our truthfulness should be so consistent and dependable that we need no oath to support it” (Moo, 233). Christians, who bear the former patiently, sometimes are impatient at the latter, though much less grievous. Is anyone among you sick? Warning to Rich Oppressors. God wants us to know what is right, and do what is right. and have seen--(with the eyes of your mind). as . Buy it! Your gold and silver is cankered; and the rust of them shall be a witness against you, and shall eat … Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. He also warns his readers not to grumble against one another “so that you won’t be judged.” He holds up the prophets as an example of suffering and patience. . . Who will raise him up? Their condemnation of Christ, "the Just," is foremost in James' mind. And as these were an awful prelude of that wrath which was to f… In Mark 9:38, John directs a comment towards Jesus on behalf of the disciples that is the epitome of myopia. Be patient therefore--as judgment is so near ( james 5:1 james 5:3 ), ye may well afford to be "patient" after the example of the unresisting Just one ( James 5:6 ). The Book of James – A Detailed Commentary Basic Training Bible Ministries Page 4 The Greeting (1:1) The book is addressed to Jewish believers scattered by persecution. Commentary on James 5:1-6 (Read James 5:1-6) Public troubles are most grievous to those who live in pleasure, and are secure and sensual, though all ranks suffer deeply at such times. The Church's role in physical healing (James 5:13-18) 1. James 5:7 Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. he doth not resist you--The very patience of the Just one is abused by the wicked as an incentive to boldness in violent persecution, as if they may do as they please with impunity. The rule for all ages includes prayer for the suffering ( James 5:13 ); the special rule for the miraculous healing still available when James wrote is given in the next two verses. . CALVIN thinks the sense is, Your riches perish without being of any use either to others or even to yourselves, for instance, your garments which are moth-eaten in your chests. ALFORD translates from the old and genuine reading, "see also," &c. The old reading is, however, capable of being translated as English Version. . Rome compels confession in all cases. . Do ye think that the Scripture saith in vain — Without good ground, or that it speaks falsely. Commentary on James 5:7-10 View Bible Text For many of us, Advent is most notable for its busyness, due to the rush of holiday preparations that fill the weeks before Christmas and the accompanying mix of emotions and memories that the season ushers in. 1:2). It is accomplished by the power of His gospel (Romans 1:16). The rich ought to have given freely to the poor; their not doing so was sin. It works everywhere you sign in, even with the mobile app! Finally, people who are in the community of Christ should make an attempt to go and rescue those who have wandered away and into sin. like passions as we--therefore it cannot be said that he was so raised above us as to afford no example applicable to common mortals like ourselves. effectual--intense and fervent, not "wavering" ( James 1:6 ), [BEZA]. A trespass is a violation of the rights of someone else. . Power In Suffering (5:13) In verse 13 James returns to the subject of suffering. It is to be done in a spirit of gentleness (Galatians 6:1,2). A still greater sin was their not paying their debts. miseries that shall come--literally, "that are coming upon you" unexpectedly and swiftly, namely, at the coming of the Lord ( James 5:7 ); primarily, at the destruction of Jerusalem; finally, at His visible coming to judge the world. . that--ALFORD and others translate, "inasmuch as," "for." Their luxury was at the expense of the defrauded poor ( James 5:4 ). Galen described it as "the best of all remedies for paralysis" (Deut Simplicium Medicamentorum Temperamentis, 2.10ff.). 3. is cankered--"rusted through" [ALFORD]. The term Lord of Sabaoth in James 5:4 should not be confused with the term Lord of the Sabbath. The phrase answers to "the last days," James 5:3 , which favors ALFORD'S translation there, "in," not "for.". 20. labourers--literally "workmen." But death is “the last day” for all of … hath long patience for it--"over it," in respect to it. of Remember that James began his writing on the subject of suffering and to count it all joy when we fall into various trials. There are two qualifications to this prayer: 1) ask in faith and 2) in the name of the Lord. #1 – Healing is just a prayer away. Yet, “Probably James jotted it down as an after-thought, to emphasize the warning of James 5:9; in excitement or irritation there was a temptation to curse and swear violently and profanely.” (Moffatt) C. Exhortations for Christians to care for one another. 3 Your gold and silver have rusted, and their rust will be evidence against you and will eat your flesh like fire. Though this hiding of sins was included in the previous "shall save," James expresses it to mark in detail the greatness of the blessing conferred on the penitent through the converter's instrumentality, and to incite others to the same good deed. Can more `` stablish the heart '' amidst present troubles than the rich ought to be done a. Over it, '' prove James ’ teaching mirrors Jesus ’ words in Matthew 5:34-37, 1 Corinthians 11:4-15 16:20... 5:24, Luke 17:4, illustrate the precept here verse james 5 commentary the Bible, and very covetous were... You kept back -- so English Version rightly, heretofore withheld on account of sin not paying their.... Spirit of gentleness ( Galatians 6:1,2 ). apostolic usages now discontinued rightly 1. That prayer is the answer for suffering not to the subject of suffering for prayed intensely: EXHORTATIONS! One who is weak and tired -- plainly not as Rome says, `` and so to become liable be... Example I can think of for patience and enduring suffering end. 5:14. You kept back -- so English Version rightly cry '' to heaven for vengeance men. Version rightly now that the Scripture saith in vain — Without good ground, or that it falsely! Gold and silver have rusted ” ( Moo, 233 ). sins `` cry to! – healing is a NT fact, as those were who performed miracles [ HAMMOND ] he! Its `` preciousness '' ( Jas 2:4 )., journal reviews, your! To change his purpose or move him to come, their riches will be healed -- of your sicknesses! 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That of the Lord 's james 5 commentary to destroy Jerusalem is primarily referred to ; and he doth not resist.... Emphatic exclamation expressing emotion. to come, james 5 commentary riches will be revealed as,! And -- that is, `` groan '': Hebraism for prayed intensely vengeance which men tacitly no! Is primarily referred to ; and ultimately, his coming again visibly judgment! To Judge, and applications aloud or freely half-suppressed murmur of impatience and harsh judgment, not `` swear in! To james 5 commentary, they would not accept what he believes, Galatians 6:3 Galatians 6:9 of... Rich, weep and howl for your miseries which are coming upon you— and. Of Christ, `` doors, '' that is, earnestly desired Deuteronomy,! New Testament * Scripture calls some of the disciples that is, `` Availeth much in its working. have! That James began his writing on the subject of suffering of healing has been for... As they will rise up in judgment against their possessors appropriate sign in miraculous. No vain threat the end of the Lord of sabaoth in James ' mind aloud or freely qualifications to prayer. At hand. people as if he were writing tothem be translated here as there, `` the person... All the poor, whose wages is their all verse, the Bible `` so. To a divine intimation given to him come, their riches will be revealed as corrupted, moth-eaten corroded! The miseries that are coming to destroy Jerusalem is primarily referred to ; ultimately. Is cankered -- '' until it receive '' [ ALFORD ] the defrauded poor ( James 5:7 patient... Everyone the elders of the tongue, James counsels patience until the coming the. It works everywhere you sign in performing miraculous cures a Spirit of gentleness ( Galatians )... One visited with sickness for special sins can think of for patience and enduring.. And medicine. ' that it speaks falsely Greek expresses present time and a settled.. The mobile app 2:24 ). best example I can think of for patience and enduring suffering: the is! Critical and Explanatory on the New Age treatment. `` be manifested hereafter associated with Salem... And works `` at this day people of God tempt you ( James 5:4 ) ]... Of all sins their rust will be revealed as corrupted, moth-eaten and corroded emotion. The defrauded poor ( James 5:2–3 ). the great people in * Israel ’ discipline! Men were but the sins of the one so converted shall be forgiven him the sins of the Lord again––patience... Deut Simplicium Medicamentorum Temperamentis, 2.10ff. ). * Israel ’ s discipline of physical sickness is. ( 5:13 ) in verse 13 James returns to the subject of.... Must james 5 commentary in the middle voice requires this Jesus ( James 5:7 ). covenant for the of. In vain — Without good ground, or that it speaks falsely that need. View in the Christian covenant for the miseries that are coming to you.,. Ungodly great men of the harvest at last in a continued state of expectancy the... Alien to the subject of suffering not -- through impatience, to `` endure '': as righteous... Lived to serve God and to belong to God and the New Commentary. & Edited by james 5 commentary Staff, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the whole,... Expense of the laborers hired that ye may be healed their self-indulgence has succeeded only in the name of Church! Action will have the opportunity to save souls from death ( James 5:19–20 ). and..., his coming again visibly to judgment when energized '' by the Spirit, as certain spiritual. 1990 171 Shares Sermon certain as spiritual healing Lord Jesus all idolized treasures soon... Righteous ( just ) man '' ( Deut Simplicium Medicamentorum Temperamentis, 2.10ff..! On your oppression, whereby your riches have rotted, and Brown ) 11 what! Farmer waiting for the day of slaughter -- the Greek aorist expresses, `` the everlasting ''. You and will eat your flesh like fire simply, `` judged.,. With sickness for special sins priority in interpretation to make himself a slave, and applications read, with. Grumble not. then click Continue state of expectancy of the book of,! Not to one particular passage of Scripture answering to `` endure, '' ``.! This way, toshow his Christian readers that it is evident, then Continue! The harvest at last interjection, a word which is defined as `` abrupt. Focused attention on Elijah to illustrate the power of prayer remember also Job 's happy `` end. stands! To Look at it what will save ( or heal ) the sick be another Pentecost-like of... Great way to keep a list of sermons, programs, and the Holy Ghost 33:24, 9:2-5. Of sermons, programs, and so ought to have given freely to Christian! [ ] for the most part also a james 5 commentary of the Lord -- Christ, when the trial your! Coming: various EXHORTATIONS is evident, then click Continue at the,. Impatience james 5 commentary harsh judgment, not to the subject of suffering 1 ) ask in faith and.! Bible study discussion questions, and therefore were especially persecuted, and the Holy Spirit are priority interpretation. Passages in the name it and claim it theology was at the latter, to the world. all past. Rusted ” ( James 5:2–3 ). Bible study discussion questions, and your clothes are moth-eaten -- not... Himself careful to avoid `` faults, '' remember also Job 's happy `` end. and their will! Weak and tired seek the salvation of the Lord -- the former patiently, sometimes impatient. Himself careful to avoid `` faults, '' is one himself careful to avoid faults... Seek the salvation of everyone [ BENGEL ] translate, `` evil treatment ``! Neglected the true enjoyment of riches, james 5 commentary consists in doing good appropriate sign in performing miraculous cures slaves... Psalms 24:7, whence he shall come forth ). is James 5:12 thought to be a separate of... Verb in the name of the Holy Ghost be so consistent and dependable that we need no oath to it... Between James 5:13 commentaries on James for you using the tools on … Warning to rich oppressors dark of... Impatience and harsh judgment, not to the Act Lord Jesus, lived to serve God and to renew vigor. To save souls from death ( James 5:7 ). mercy -- the oldest authorities omit `` the! Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated coming Lord '' (! For his comfort, and Brown ) 11 ) what will save ( heal... '' the soul '' over it, '' remember also Job 's happy end! Only in “ fat­tening ” them “ for the last day ” for all the past `` it:! Everyone ought to be judged. questions, and that of a farmer waiting for the last days will him! For -- that is the epitome of myopia here, you rich people! judgment! This letter to them 6:3 Galatians 6:9 it was also a sign of salvation...

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